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The West African Examination Council is an examination body that set questions annually from areas student should, after their studies in the senior secondary school, be able to write and pass without stress.
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WAEC Government Questions and Answers 2021
Today’s WAEC Government answers:
[Pick Any FIVE]
(i) Freedom of the press: The radio, newspaper and television should be free to write and Express issues without any hindrance.
(ii) Political parties: Where democracy is operational, there are more than one political party with different individuals competing for power.
(iii) Political liberty: it is an indispensable factor, the equal rights of all normal adults to vote and to stand as candidates for election, periodic elections and equal eligibility for political offices etc.
(iv) Value of individual personality: In democracy, the belief in the value of individual personality is restored. It implies the need to respect the other man,to listen to his arguments and to take account his point of view
(v) Free association and group: People should be able yo choose their own candidates or support political parties without being intimidated. Citizens can form parties and canvass for support for their programmes.
(vi) Provision of opportunities: Democracy provides opportunities for an individual to develop his or her personality. It provides access to knowledge and free education, securing against unemployment, fair working conditions, leisure etc.
(vii) Supremacy of the constitution/Rule of law: The constitution should be supreme and above every other consideration in any political system. There should be the application of the rule of law and no one should be above the law
(viii) Independence of the judiciary/fundamental human right: The judiciary should be free and independent of other branches of government eg executive and the legislature. The rights of individual should be promoted and guaranteed.
[Pick Any FIVE]
(i) Press freedom: The use of mass media should be maintained.
(ii) Bureau of information: This should be established to receive, compile and disseminate information.
(iii) Freedom of speech and association: By encouraging and allowing freedom of speech and association.
(iv) Activities of pressure groups: By encouraging the activities of pressure groups and other voluntary organisations.
(v) Opinion Poll: Encouraging the use of opinion polls on issues of general importance.
(vi) Existence of political parties: Will help to mould the opinion of the people.
(vii) Responsible and responsive: For eg. Social institutions such as families and religious centres should be able to demonstrate these.
Before we get started, take a look at the guide below:
- Cover WAEC GCE syllabus 2021
- Make use of the WAEC Government recommended textbooks
- Have self-confidence
- Pray to God your Creator
- Follow and understand the questions presented to you.
WAEC 2021 Government Practice questions
Below are sure WAEC Government questions.
1. Power differs from influence in that it is
A. persuasive while influence is directive
B. coercive while influence is harmful
C. coercive while influence is persuasive
D. arrogant while influence is corruptive
2. The standing committee of a legislature is one
A. whose member stand while deliberating
B. that has statutory responsibilities
C. that perform adhoc functions
D. that has legislators as members.
3. Where the constitution is supreme, unconstitutional acts of the executive and the legislature can be checked by the courts through
B. judicial review
C. vote of no confidence
4. The central decision-making organ of a confederation is made up of
A. technocrats appointed by the units
B. politicians elected from the confederal constituencies
C. politicians nominated by the government of member states
D. representatives of pressure groups.
5. Which of the following is true of a parliamentary system of government?
A. clear separation of government organs.
B. strict operation of a bicameral legislature.
C. removal of government by impeachment.
D. adherence to majority rule.
6. A major feature of authoritarianism is that government is
7. The central point of capitalism, as expounded by Karl Marx, is that
A. capitalist profit is the surplus value obtained from workers labour
B. workers are inherently incapable of being owners of their labour
C. capitalists shall always increase worker earning capacity through wages
D. capitslists shall always readily consent to workers welfare demands.
8. A constitution that requires a plebiscite or a referendum to be amended is
9. An important function of a constitution is that it
A. provide a framework for the study of government
B. facilities cross-fertilization of ideas of governance
C. serves as the fountian head of authority for the execise of power
D. promotes citizen participation in government and administration.
10. When a bill passed by the legislature is vetoed by the executive, the action underscores the principle
A. probity and accountability
B. separation of powers
C. collective responsibility
D. checks and balances.
11. In the legislative process, a bill is pass
A. motion accepted for debate
B. motion rejected after debate
C. proposal before the legislature
D. law pass by the legislature.
12. One of the advantages of a bicameral over a unicameral legislature is that it
A. is cheap to maintain
B. promotes social equality
C. takes less time for the bills to be passed
D. prevents the passage of ill-considered bills.
13. The fundamental rights of citizens include rights to
A. free education, employment and freedom of thought
B. life, speech and association
C. life, liberty and property
D. association,property and social security.
14. The manipulation of boundaries of constituencies in order to win more seats is called
15. One argument against a multi-party system is the
A. encouragement of opposition and instability
B. banning of interest groups
C. inability to attract foreign assistance
D. high cost of conducting elections.
16. Associational interest groups are organized to
A. Further the interest of members
B. Specifically lobby the government
C. Support the government
D. Achieve goals affecting other associations.
17. Public opinion is a view that is
A. held by the majority
B. active in the public realm
C. widely publicized
D. no longer a secret.
18. The political neutrality of civil servants implies that they
A. are not allowed to join any organisation or group
B. have no dealings with politicians
C. are not allowed to be involved in partisan politics
D. are not allowed to vote.
19. The idea of making the civil service permanent, neutral and anonymous is to
A. Enhance efficiency in administration
B. Ensure loyalty and support
C. Prevent opposition to government
D. Make civil servants a functional elite.
20. The western zone of the Sokoto caliphate was administered from
21. Some pre-colonial Nigerian societies are described as stateless because
A. they had no formal governmental institutions
B. they had no definite political boundaries
C. their population was too small
D. they were not independent.
22. The method used by the British to facilitate the administration of Southern Nigeria was
C. Divide and rule
D. Trade association.
23. A major function of the warrant chiefs was to
A. prevent tribal wars
B. supervise native courts and markets
C. stop ritual killings
D. take charge of local administration.
24. After 1945, the demand of African nationalists changed from reform to independence because
A. colonial rule became less oppressive
B. colonial rule was in disarray
C. the second world war boosted their morale
D. the second world war enhanced colonial rule.
25. When Nigeria achieved independence in 1960, the head of state was the
B. prime minister
D. Queen of England.
26. Delegated legislature becomes unavoidable when
A. legislators cannot reach a consensus
B. issues under consideration are personal
C. issues under consideration are technical
D. legislators have to proceed on a recess.
27. One major disadvantage of public opinion is that
A. the critics of government policies are always harassed
B. a vocal minority claims to represent the majority
C. gossip and rumours thrive
D. leaders are unncessarily criticized.
28. Citizenship in a modern state expresses the status of a person who possesses
A. full political rights
B. some religious rights
C. social right only
D. exclusive economic rights.
29. Communism is a system which recognizes
A. class stratification
B. the existence of the state
C. the existence of the individual
D. the ability of the individual
30. The delineation of constituencies is a major duty of the
A. national assembly
B. political parties
C. boundary commission
D. electoral commission
31. The structure of the civil service is based on
A. lateral organisation
B. merit system
C. patronage system
D. hierachical organization
32. A common feature of a multi-party system is that government is formed by
A. the major political party
B. all the registered political parties
C. a coalition of political parties
D. the party with the highest votes.
33. To qualify for absorption into the administration cadre of the civil service in Nigeria, an applicant must be
A. knowledgable in civil services rule
B. a holder of a first university degree
C. specifically trained in public administration
D. a senior civil serv.ant
34. The final interpretation pf the provisions of a federal constitution is vested in the
A. head of state
B. council of state
C. highest legislative body
D. highest court of the land.
35. A major issue that distinguishes pressure groups from political parties is
A. Membership drive
B. The objective
C. The voting pattern
36. Proportional representation is a system of allocating seats in the legislature based on
A. gender participation in polities
B. an area
C. contribution to the national economy
D. total votes in an election.
37. The application of the principle of separation of powers seems impracticable because powers is
38. When did Nigeria gain her Independence?
A. 1st October, 1963
B. 31st October, 1690
C. 1st October, 2012
D. 1st October, 1960
E. 12th October, 1992
39. The central legislature of Nigeria became bicameral in
40. Which of these constitutions recognized local government as a third tier of government in Nigeria?
A. 1946 Constitution.
B. 1960 Constitution.
C. 1963 Constitution.
D. 1979 Constitution.
41. Under the 1963 constitution, items not listed in the exclusive and concurrent list were within the exclusive competence of the
B. federal parliament
C. regional legislatures
42. Before Nigeria became a republic, the highest body charged with the administrator of justice was the
A. Privy council
B. High court
C. Supreme court
D. Court of appeal
43. The equivalent of the commissioner at the local government level is the
A. Executive chairman
D. Supervisory councilor.
44. The Independent National Electoral Commission has the power to prepare and maintain the register of
A. Political parties
D. Electoral candidates.
45. The president of Nigeria is advised on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country by the
A. National Security Council
B. National Defense Council
C. Council of state
D. Federal Executive Council
46. The Nigerian Youth Movement collapsed as the result of
A. Its failure to win election
B. Shortage of funds to run its affairs
C. The harassment of its leadership by the government.
D. The breakup of its leadership.
47. The first restructuring of the Nigerian Federation took place with the
A. Creation of mid-west Region in 1963
B. Abolition of federalism in 1966
C. Military counter-coup in 1966
D. Creation of states in 1967
48. The land use decree of 1978 vested the ownership of land in Nigeria in the
A. local chiefs
B. local governments
C. state governments
D. federal governments
49. The main source of financing local government in Nigeria is
A. internal revenue generation
B. statutory revenue allocation
C. special state grants
50. The most remarkable legacy of the 1976 Local Government Reform in Nigeria was the introduction of
A. the office of sole administrators
B. caretaker management committees
C. uniformity in structure and functions
D. the third tier of government.
WAEC Government Essay Questions
- Outline three merits and three demerits of Separation of Powers.
- Explain six functions performed by political parties in your country.
- Describe six factors that can determine the effectiveness of pressure groups
- Explain six duties expected to be performed by a citizen of a state.
- (a) What is a state?
(b) Outline five reasons why individuals must belong to a state.
6. How did the people of British West African territories govern themselves before the
advent of colonial rule.
7. What are the main criticisms levelled against the 1946 Richards Constitution of Nigeria.
8. Outline six benefits Nigeria derives from her membership of the United Nations
WAEC Government Essay and Objective 2021 (EXPO)
The above questions are not exactly 2021 WAEC Government questions and answers but likely WAEC Government repeated questions and answers.
These questions are for practice. The 2021 WAEC Government expo will be posted on this page during the WAEC Government examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.
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WAEC Government Objectives (OBJ) (2020 Answers)
Today’s Government Answers.
Political socialization is the process of acquisition and transmission of political knowledge and value by individuals from one generation to another.
(i) It involves the transmission of values and beliefs of the political culture by one generation to the next.
(ii) Political Culture is maintained and changed through political socialisation. The values, beliefs and orientations towards political objects and actions are transmitted as well as changed by this process.
(iii) Political Socialisation is a lifelong learning process but its pace and role keeps on changing from time to time. The process goes on continuously throughout the life of the individual.
(iv) Political Socialisation provides the necessary knowledge and incentive for individual’s participation in politics. Politically socialised individuals come forward to accept different roles in the political system.
(v) In nature, Political Socialisation is similar to, in fact, a part of the process of socialisation which is always at work in every society.
(vi) Finally, Political Socialisation is an extremely important process by which individuals become involved in the activities of the political system. The nature and level of political participation of the individuals depend to a large extent upon the nature and efficiency of the process of political socialisation.
(i)Governments Can be More Responsive to Citizens; The closer a government entity is to its citizens, the more likely it is the respond to the needs of citizens. States are more likely to listen to citizen needs, and respond to them, than the national government would be.
(ii)Federalism improves efficiency: Even though we may think of hundreds of governments as inefficient, governing the entire nation from one central location would be even worse. Imagine the bureaucracy, red tape, delays, and confusion if every government activity in every community in the nation—police, schools, roads, fire departments, garbage collections, sewage disposal, street lighting.
(iii)A Better Understanding: The central government has no true way to understand what issues and changes need to be made in every area of the country. This is why federalism is such a great advantage. The smaller branches of the local governments are right in the middle of the local society. They are better suited to deal with the true things that need to be changed.
(iv)Federalism helps manage conflict: Permitting states and communities to pursue their own policies reduces the pressures that would build up at the national level if the national government had to decide everything. Federalism permits citizens to decide many things at the state and local levels of government and avoid battling over single national policies to be applied uniformly throughout the land.
(v)Federalism embraces diversity: Federalism, a system of government in which entities such as states or provinces share power with a national government, permits diversity and accommodates the differences between people and regions to create stronger components, which make a stronger nation.
(i) Shortage of fund: The involvement of this organization in large scale operation affects its financial resources. This has created over time shortage of funds.
(ii) Sovereignty of nation: The U.N.O cannot effectively enforce its decision because member states are not ready to surrender their sovereignty to the authority of the organization.
(iii) The veto power: Each of the five permanent members of the security council has a veto power. This could be used at times to satisfy their selfish interest at the expense of fulfilling the objectives of the organization.
(iv) Poverty: The inability of the united nation to effectively address the issue of poverty among member states.
(v) Difference in ideology: There difference in ideology, culture, politics and methods used in pursuing economic goal.This may negate the evolution of lasting peace in the world.
(i)National party of Nigeria (NDN) Alhaji shehu shagari
(ii)The unity party of Nigeria chief obafemi awolowo
(iii)The great Nigeria people party (GNPP) Waziri Ibrahim
(i)Since independence, political party have showed that they are loyal to the electorate during campaign and would serve their Interest of vote to power
(ii)They usually organize membership to reach all corners of the country
(iii)They have showed that their main objectives are to contests election,win and grow the country by all means
(i)The constitution is not a product of any constitutional conference; It was hurriedly prepared by the outgoing military government of General Abdulsalam Abubakar. Thus, many Nigerians continue to criticize it and see it more as a military constitution than the civilian constitution.
(ii)The constitution fails to define the roles of the traditional rulers in government. And The recognition of the Sharia courts contravenes the description of the country as being SECULAR.
(iii)The constitution is not clear on the functions and creation of the local governments; This makes local governments to be at the mercy of the other governments. Then, this issue of creation of more local governments has been a major source of conflict between states and federal governments. A classical example was Lagos vs Federal Government during Obasanjo’s administration.
(i)The village was the highest unit of administration.
(ii)Existence of village assembly (Oha-na-eze/Umunna).
(iii)The village priest/diviner wielded great deal of religious and judicial powers.
(i) The village Assembly which exercise power on the societal administration reach their decisions through concensus. Thus democratic
(ii) The rulership of the village is by people’s consent as virtually all the grown ups are involved in the general administration
(iii) Rule of law holds sway in the Igbo administration as customs and traditions are daily adhered to
(iv) Membership of the decentralised organs in the village are open and duly followed against any act of malpractice
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